chair exercises for the elderly
Exercise Programs and the Elderly

Chair Exercises for the Elderly



One of the most important functional tasks that an elderly person needs to do is to get safely on and off a chair.

However, for many people this simple task can become increasingly difficult to do as we become older.

Without regular exercise we become de-conditioned and less flexible. Our joints become stiffer with age, and muscles in our arms and legs become weaker.In addition, our co-ordination and balance changes and simply don’t react as good.

Simple chair exercises for the elderly done regularly can make a real difference to both maintaining and improving the way you move and feel.

It is important to check the height of the chair your sitting in. Something as simple as Chair raisers can help by altering the height of the chair, making it easier to get on and off it.

 

Chair Raisers

However, check the size of the base of the chair first to ensure they fit correctly.

The chair raisers come in many different shapes, colours and sizes, and tend to be either wooden or plastic.

The choice is up to you………I know it’s to help a person’s function but sometimes you just want it to match with your existing furniture.

 

 

 

 

On older types of chairs or sofas the legs of the chair can be too big to fit raisers, and you may need to consider seat raisers.

NRS Healthcare Seat Raiser

As you can see some fit directly onto the existing cushion, or can be neatly fitted underneath depending on your preference.

 

Okay so you’ve hopefully got the right chair height that is going to help you get on and off it, but before we look at different types of chair exercises we need to consider the best chair to do them in.

An upright dining chair or a chair that has a good base and back support is best.

I will show you the correct sitting posture to adopt, and how to transfer safely on and off the chair  to minimise the risk of falling.

What’s the correct posture sitting in a chair ?

 

 

     Good                                                                                               Senior sleeping on an armchair

Related image                                                                                                        Bad

Many patients I have treated often have a favourite chair that they always love to sit in. They have grown to love it over the years, and reluctant to want to change it for something more practical and functional.

Lets face it we all have our very own comfortable seat which we always sit in – that low sofa or chair without arms, which we sink into when we sit on it.

However, many of these types of seats are just not practical for a less able bodied person, or someone at risk of a fall, or further falls to use.

Mind Your Posture card isolated on white

Ideally to get the most out of the following chair exercises you need a chair with a firm seat and back support, the height should be that when you are sat, ideally there should be no less than a 90 degrees angle between your feet and your bottom.
(a good test is that your knees are the same height as your hips)

Lumbar or back supports on the chair help maintain a correct sitting posture.

The Everlasting Comfort 100% Pure Memory Foam Luxury Seat Cushion is ideal to use. It improves a bad posture and relieves leg pain when sitting for long periods. 

Everlasting Memory Foam Luxury Seat Cushion

It has a U – shaped ergonomic design recommended by a number of orthopaedic surgeons, and has a memory foam pillow which responds to the heat of your body to mold perfectly to the shape of your bottom.

The thick padded foam compresses and cushions just enough to provide you with enough support, yet keeps its shape to support your tailbone, lower back, spine and hips from those severe pressure points.

It’s important to use chairs with some fixed arm support which will help you when practicing both standing from a seated position, and from standing to sitting when doing the exercises.

Image result for chair exercises for the elderly

 

 

First let’s look at the correct and safe technique getting on / off a chair…….

Sitting to Standing

 

1.  Sitting in a chair using the armrests of the chair shuffle your bottom forwards transferring your weight from one side to the other so your are sitting towards the edge of the seat.

2. Your weight should be evenly distributed, with your feet about the same width as your hips. Your heels should be positioned behind your knees.

3.  Push down with your arms on the armrests and bring your head and shoulders forwards (think of getting your nose over your toes).

4. Keep your head up and look straight ahead, this will help with your balance and stability.

5. Push down through your legs to straighten using your hands to push also, and stand to an upright position.

 

Image result for diagram sit to stand from chair

 

Standing to Sitting

 

1. Before attempting to sit down, position yourself so that you can feel the back of your legs touching the seat.

2. With your weight evenly distributed over both feet, reach for the armrests with both hands.

3. Begin to bend slightly at the hips and knees and tilt forwards at the waist.

4. Using the armrests for hand support slowly lower yourself into the chair.

5. If you need to reposition youself, transfer your weight from side to side so that you are sat with adequate back support in the chair.

 

Every person is different and some will find the above easier than others. To progress the exercise you could use just one hand for support on the armrest, or even none at all.




Who are chair exercises for ?

 

Those unable to stand and manage chair transfers safely (getting on / off a chair)

Those who have fallen perhaps recovering from a fractured limb, such as wrist, shoulder, hip or ankle and needing rehabilitation to recover

Those with poor standing balanceImage result for old woman falling over

Those with poor / reduced mobility

Those with a limited range of movement

Those with arthritic or joint pain making standing hard

Those with reduced strength in arms or legs, or weak core muscles

 

 

Different Types of Chair Exercises for the Elderly

 

  • Increase range of movement and flexibility
  • Strengthening    (arms / legs)
  • Cardiovascular
  • Sit to stand  /  Stand to sit   transfer practice

 

In my day to day work dealing with patients I have found that it is best not to overload someone with too many exercises.

In my experience people get demotivated when face with too many exercises. I tend to use a few key exercises for each particular area I am working on.

Often, I am in close discussions with family members or carers who require information and instruction sheets for themselves, so they require simple clear exercises.

 

The following exercises I use to achieve the best results…..

Arm exercises

 

1.   Arm reach

Sit in a chair with your weight evenly distributed, and both feet flat on the floor.
Lift both arms directly out in front of you and reach forward as far as possible.
Hold for 5 seconds and then return to starting position.
(For people with reduced strength in their arms just bend forwards at the waist as if you are trying to get your nose in front of your knees)
(this helps stretch out some of our back muscles and strengthen our core muscles which give us greater stability in our trunk and lower back – it’s a bit like having a corset on giving us a stable base)

Image result for sitting in chair reaching arms forwards

 

2.  Upper body rotation

Sit in a chair with your weight evenly distributed, and both feet flat on the floor.
Make a cross with your arms across your chest. Slowly turn to your right side as if you were trying to look
behind you over your shoulder. Hold for 3-5 seconds and then return to your starting position. Repeat turning to your left.
(this helps stretch out the muscles in our back that help us twist and turn)

Image result for seated upper body stretch elderly

 

3. Chest stretch

Sit in a chair with your weight evenly distributed, and both feet flat on the floor.
Relax your shoulders (drop them down and back) – it will feel as if you are pushing your chest out. Push your chest forwards gently and you should feel a stretch across your chest. Hold for 5 seconds and return to your starting position.
(this helps stretch out tight chest muscles and improve our posture)

 

Chest Stretch ( Chair Exercises for the Elderly )

4. Arm raises 

Sit in a chair with your weight evenly distributed, and both feet flat on the floor.
With your palms outstretched and facing forward raise your arms out to the side to a height that feels
comfortable. Then try to raise above your head if possible. Try to hold for 5 seconds then slowly lower your arms to the starting position. (this exercise can be made harder by holding a weight in each hand).
(this will help increase our range of movement and strength in our arms – mainly shoulders)

Image result for seated arm raise

Leg exercises

 

1. Ankle stretches

Sit comfortably in the chair and use arm support of the chair if needed.
Bring your Left leg out in front of you as though you were straightening your leg.
Point your toes down as far as can go, then point your toes back towards you. 10 – 20 repetitions
Repeat for other leg.
( this exercise will help improve your movement and flexibility around the ankle ) 

 

2. Heel raises / Toe raises 

Sit comfortably with your weight evenly distributed and your feet the same width as your hips.
Slowly push down through the front of your feet and lift your heels off the ground. Return to starting position.

When doing the toe raises this time your heels remain on the floor and your toes lift off the floor.
(this exercise helps strengthen your calves and give the ankle joint more stability. It also acts as a pumping mechanism for the calves to reduce oedema (swelling common in the feet and calves when sat for long periods)

Image result for seated foot exercises old woman

 

 

3. Straight leg

Sit in the chair with your weight evenly distributed, in an upright position with good back support.
Try to straighten your Left leg (aim to keep the back of your thigh touching the chair).
Aim to hold for 5 seconds. Return to starting position and repeat for Right leg.
(this exercise strengthens up the quadriceps – muscles at the front of the thigh that help us stand)

Image result for old woman straight leg in sitting

 

4. Hip marching (Knee lifts)

Sit in the chair with your weight evenly distributed and feet flat on the floor
Slowly lift your Left leg as if your knee is going directly upwards. Return to starting position slowly.
Repeat exercise with your Right leg.

Image result for old man sitting exercise knee lifts marching

 

 

Aim to do the exercises 2-3 times per day where possible  ( 5-10 repetitions of each). Remember a little often is better than doing none at all.

As with all the exercises it is best to wear comfortable, loose clothing and always ensure you have a drink handy.

Always remember to keep your normal  breathing cycle going during the exercises – many people hold their breath when they exercise. 

 

 

Benefits of Chair Exercises for the Elderly

 

Increased strength in your arms and legs

Better core strength

Increased confidence getting on / off a chair

Increased range of movement and flexibility in our joints

Reduced stiffness and pain in joints

Improved balance and co-ordination

Better concentration and improved mood


In my work experience these chair exercises for the elderly are effective in helping improve your overall functional movement and strength.

They also will help increase your independence and ability to help manage activities of daily living better. GIVE THEM A TRY and notice the difference today !

 

 

11 Comments

  • Ronnie Jordan

    This is good information. Too many times we get older and just let our physical health diminish from lack of physical activity. This looks like it is very low impact. I think this is very valuable for our elders.

  • Ronnie Jordan

    This is very good information. Too many times we get older and let or bodies diminish from lack of physical activity. This will be very helpful for our elderly people.

  • Sarah

    I really liked your post it is very informative and useful at the same time!! I was searching few days ago such type of techniques and exercises for my mother as; she likes reading and spend majority of her time in reading books on her specific chair. She feels very comfortable with that chair but due to continuously sitting on a chair she feels very tired sometimes. Now I would suggest your recommended exercises and techniques to her. Hope it will work great. Thanks for sharing this informative post.

  • ariel

    Hello Mark, What an important topic!
    I am so grateful for how thoroughly you wrote this article. I have used some of these exercises myself. And suggested them to others.
    Great informative article. Many thanks, ariel

  • Janice

    What an informative site. Particularly interested in the armchair exercises and how to do them. I will get my 92 year old aunty to do them.

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